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Border Agreement Between Pakistan And Iran

Pakistan has a 900 km border with Iran, departs from Mount Koh-i-Malik Salih and ends at Gwadar Bay in the Gulf of Oman. In March 2019, Pakistan began closing its border with neighbouring Iran to stop cross-border movement and smuggling of militants. [12] The MoU was signed at a meeting of the two countries` boundary commission in the coastal town of Gwadar, in the southwestern province of Balochistan, as reported by Radio-Pakistan. Tensions between Pakistan and Iran in the context of the terrorist activities of the Balochi separatists are added to a complex relationship between the countries, with Pakistan being a close ally of the enemies of Iran, the United States and Saudi Arabia. On the Pakistani side, the border is responsible for border security and immigration. The border agreement was signed in Quetta, the capital of Balochistan, with members of two countries, including Iranian Consul General Mohammad Rafiee. Bajwa contacted Bagheri after an attack on a Frontier Corps patrol team in Buleda district, Kech district, left six Pakistani security forces dead. The attack, which occurred about 14 km from the Iranian border, was claimed by the Baloch Liberation Army (BLA). Commanders discussed a number of issues, including border barriers and improvements to border crossings. The modern border crosses the Balochistan region, a region long contested between the various empires of Persia (Iran), Afghanistan and Pakistan. [2] Beginning in the 18th century, the British gradually took control of most of India, including present-day Pakistan, and brought it closer to countries traditionally claimed by Persia.

In 1871, the British (representing the Khan of Kalat and the subcontinent) and the Persians agreed to define their mutual border; A border commission examined the area the following year, but did not mark the border on the ground. [2] The British penetration of Balochistan under Sir Robert Groves Sandeman continued in the following decades, which led to a more precise border, which was to be agreed and marked 1895-96 with columns on the ground. [2] Some minor harmonization issues arising from this were resolved by another joint treaty in 1905. [2] After an attack on Pakistani soldiers near the Iranian-Pakistan border that killed six Pakistani soldiers last month, the country`s army chief, General Qamar Bajwa, asked his Iranian counterpart, General Mohammad Hossein Bagheri, to take action against local militias operating in Iran and accused him of carrying out the attack. While it is possible to identify the frustration in Bajwa`s tone, both sides have concluded their call for cooperation. They also pledged to strengthen security along their shared border. This promise is not new. Last year, Pakistan and Iran agreed on the creation of a joint rapid reaction force. The objective of the force is to coordinate border security and ensure that neither country can serve as a base for insurgents, especially local Balochistan militias, which have long fought for the independence of Pakistan and Iran. [12] Pakistan to close the border with Iran, Andalu, March 19, 2019.

[3] Pakistan, Iran agreed border barriers, the news, July 19, 2019. For decades, Pakistan has been closer to Saudi Arabia and the United States than iran, but Pakistani leaders have tried to avoid being perceived as anti-Iranian. Pakistani Prime Minister Iran Khan is also trying to be in a mediation position between Iran and Saudi Arabia and the United States, but with limited success for now. [1] The head of the Pakistani army calls on Iran to strengthen border security, to stop terrorist attacks, Arab news, 13 May 2020. On May 10, 2019, the Pakistani Senate was informed by Balochistan`s border congregations that the country had begun to fence off areas of the border, which are hot spots for smuggling and militant movements.