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Withdrawal Agreement 2019 Summary

Whether or when the agreement will finally be ratified will depend on developments in the political events of November and December 2019. , with the mandatory and broader withdrawal agreement linked to the UK`s exit from the European Union (EU), known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. Some EU rules on food and agriculture also apply to NI during the backstop period. Existing controls on animals and animal products transferred from the UK to ni must be strengthened. The text of the draft withdrawal agreement is based on the conclusions of the brexit negotiations, which were published in the EU-UK Joint Report in December 2017. The text is still in draft and negotiations will continue in the coming months, so that a final text cannot be presented before October 2018 at the earliest. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021. [16] The transitional arrangements do not provide a mechanism for extending this period after 31 December 2020 and, in the absence of further emergency measures, there will be a “Brexit” at the end of the transition period if there is no separate agreement on future relations between the UK and the EU. On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament that a political agreement had been reached.

The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. The most important elements of the draft agreement are:[21] However, in this scenario, there would be a much steeper stumbling block for merchandise trade between the rest of the UK and the EU. In addition, there would be new trade barriers for goods relocated from Britain to Northern Ireland. Indeed, in the absence of trade agreements, the United Kingdom would return to “WTO” trade terms with the EU, since this protocol does not provide substantial rules for trade in goods between the EU and the United Kingdom, with the exception of Northern Ireland. The previous “backstop” did so and this “backstop” could not be removed without the agreement of the EU and the United Kingdom.